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Sodium Chloride

Ionic Compound

Sodium Chloride

Other Name(s):

Salt; Table Salt; Kalahari Salt; Himalayan Pink Salt; Rock Salt; NaCl; CAS# 7647-14-5

Salt is found naturally in many different environments. It can be found in seawater, beneath the surface of the earth and at ground level in salt flats. Most commercially available salt is harvested from salt deposits beneath the surface of the earth.

Is Sodium Chloride Faithful to Nature?


Salt can be harvested without harming the environment. Salt is also recognised as a safe ingredient in many common household products.

Benefits: Why is Sodium Chloride Used?

Flavour Enhancer

Salt is used in foods to enhance overall flavour.


Salt is used as a preservative to inhibit the growth of moulds, yeast and bacteria.

Cleaning Agent

Salt is used as a catalyst, enhancing the effectiveness of household cleaning products for example dishwashing detergents.


Salt can kill certain types of bacteria and thus, frequently used in oral care products.

Salt is one of the most common additives to food and is also present in a large variety of skincare, oral care, cosmetics and even household cleaning products.

Salt is harvested using a few different methods. The most common method used for harvesting salt is hydraulic mining. Water is pumped into the earth where veins of salt are located and dissolved. The brine is then pumped back up and the water allowed to evaporate, leaving behind salt crystals. Other methods of salt mining involve digging shafts and tunnels into the ground where the salt rocks are then gathered. This is the method by which Himalayan Pink Salt is harvested. The last method involved simply dehydrating sea water or collecting it directly from salt pans.

If you are looking to avoid salt in foods to curb excess sodium intake, avoid these ingredients as well: monosodium glutamate (MSG), disodium phosphate, sodium bicarbonate (a.k.a. ‘bicarb’, ‘baking soda’), and brine.

Hydraulic mining of salt (brine mining) represents a large environmental hazard. “The drilling and transport of brine solutions can disrupt existing ecosystems and well casings, pipelines, and storage tanks are subject to corrosion due to the high salinity content of the solutions that they are exposed to, which can lead to leaks and contamination of adjacent bodies of water”(1).

Industrial grade salt (lower than 97% sodium chloride purity level) is used in colder regions of the world to de-ice roads.

Notice: The information provided here is not intended as medical advice and is for educational purposes only.

Products Containing Sodium Chloride

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